Colon Diseases

Introduction

Because our body is made up of so many different parts, it is important to understand how each of these parts works to live a healthy life. It is essential for a person to realize the importance of each and every part of the body and understand how they can be taken care of. Only then we will be able to take care of ourselves completely.

In this article we are going to talk about one of the most important parts of the body, the colon and see how it works, how it helps in digestion, what an unhealthy colon could result in and what diseases the colon is expected to be exposed to. After talking about the different diseases that the colon is exposed to, we will discuss the possible treatment methods that could be used to overcome those diseases.

What is Colon

Let us start off with a basic idea of what colon really is. Colon is also known as the large intestine. It is an organ of the gastrointestinal tract and is responsible for absorbing fluids, forming stools and eliminating stools. It is actually the last part of the digestive system in most vertebrates. The colon is basically responsible for extracting salt and water from solid waste before it is eliminated from the body. Because it is the last part of the digestive system hence it is the most important part of it.

Colon has certain sub parts and each of those parts has specific duties to perform. If any of the parts fail to fulfill their responsibility then an individual might face problems in digestion.

Colon health and the diseases it is exposed to

Keeping your colon healthy is a very important thing. One needs to control their diet and perform activities to cleanse their colon so that they can lead a healthy and a fit life free of any worries.

The colon is often exposed to certain diseases. Some of these diseases have mild effects whereas others have extremely bad effects and can change a person’s life.

For instance, colon cancer is one of the most common cancers amongst men and women. In men it is the third most common type of cancer following prostate and lung cancer, whereas for women, it is also the third most common cancer type after breast and lung cancer. So in order to keep yourself healthy and free from cancer there are many precautionary measures that a person can take. These will be discussed later.

Colon cancer basically refers to the complete loss of the way lining cells of the large bowel grow and divide. This can be due to the environment, our diet or also inherited from our parents. When cancer is developed, a surgery is required to remove it. Usually chemotherapy may be recommended or in some cases, radiation therapy might be used.

Another disease of the colon could be Colitis. Colitis is basically a team of conditions that cause inflammation of the large bowel. The results of colitis could be rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps etc. the treatment of colitis would be decided by the doctor. Colitis can be of different types including infectious, ischemic, radiation, ulcerative and crohns, each having their own causes. The most common types of colitis occurring amongst people are the ulcerative colitis in which ulcers are caused in the lining of the rectum and colon. Ulcers usually form where inflammation has killed the cells lining with the colon.

Ulcerative colitis can occur at any age and can cause numerous problems. It tends to run in the families. The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis are pain the abdomen and blood along with the fetus. Some other less common symptoms include weight loss, sores on the skin and tiredness for no good reason.

Several types of drugs can help treat ulcerative colitis and usually it can be treated with the use of medicines and drugs prescribed by the doctor.

Another disease that a colon can be exposed to is colonic polyps. Polyp is basically an extra piece of tissue that can grow inside the body. So colon polyp is an extra piece of tissue that develops inside the colon. The problem with polyps is that they might eventually lead to cancer. But the good thing is that if treated at an earlier stage (removed) the harmful effects can be minimized.  Polyps can occur at any stage but most likely they will occur in people who are greater than 50 years of age. Other people who have had polyps before or have had a family member with polyps may also be exposed to this disease.  It is believed that one of the major symptoms of colon polyps is blood in the stool or constipation lasting for a long time.

Diverticulitis is yet another dangerous disease that the colon is exposed to.  Diverticulitis is basically small pouches that bulge outward through the colon. Mostly, this disease occurs in people who are older than 60 years of age.  It is believed that a major cause of this disease is low fiber diet. The worst part about diverticulitis is that it doesn’t have any symptoms so you can’t really know for sure if you have this disease until and unless it gets worsened.  However, some very less common symptoms are cramps, bloating or constipation. In serious cases of this disease, it can lead to bleeding tears of blockages.

Irritable bowel syndrome is yet another disease related to the colon. IBM is a very common disorder that can happen mostly to women whereas its chances of occurring in men are less common. The most common symptoms of this disease can be cramping, bloating or a change in bowel habits.

It is important to note that colon health is essential for every individual to lead a healthy life.  Therefore if any individual faces any kinds of problems or observes any symptoms of a disease, then they are advised to immediately report to their doctors, get their tests done and see what comes out of them. After all, this is about your life!